Since the beginning of the profession, therapists have been assessing patients using statically based, standard orthopaedic tests. But recently, there is a growing focus on functional tests and assessments in order to accurately identify the functional deficits of each patient, and thus the treatment needed to resolve those deficits. Dr. Janda said that “The test is the exercise and the exercise is the test”.  In light of Dr. Janda’s work, the relationship between chronic musculoskeletal conditions and Upper and Lower Crossed Syndromes will be described. Ultimately though, these conditions should be treated with functional rehab. The principles of these treatments will be covered.

Level of Instruction:  Intermediate


Course Objectives

  • The participant will identify the relationship between chronic musculoskeletal conditions and central nervous system disorders
  • Identify the tonic muscles in upper crossed and lower crossed syndrome as described by Dr. Janda.
  • Identify the phasic muscles in upper crossed and lower crossed syndrome as described by Dr. Janda.
  • The participant will list 4 cervical spine functional assessments.
  • The participant will list 4 lumbar spine functional assessments.

Course Agenda

  • Chronic Musculoskeletal Conditions and Janda Muscle Imbalance Syndromes - Defined
  • Cervical Spine Functional Assessments
  • Lumbar Spine Functional Assessments



Dr. Bishop graduated from Creighton University in Omaha, NE, with a Doctor of Physical Therapy degree in 2003. In 2007, Dr. Bishop successfully passed the exam to become a Board Certified Specialist in Sports Physical Therapy by the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties (SCS – ABPTS). He is one of the few in the region to earn this distinction, which demonstrates superior knowledge of diagnosis and treatment of athletes.
Dr. Bishop has been a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist from the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA – CSCS) since 2003. He has been a Certified Thera-Band Instructor since 2009 and recently became a Certified Kinesio Taping Instructor. Both of these certifications make him a sought after instructor for international physical therapy conferences and continuing education seminars.
Dr. Bishop focuses his care on the rehabilitation of extremity and spine injuries and pain using activity and sport-specific techniques. Partially because of this, Dr. Bishop has been recognized by his peers as a Top Sports Medicine Expert in the Washingtonian Magazine.
In addition, Dr. Bishop has extensive experience lecturing being an invited presenter in international physical therapy conferences in the United States as well as many foreign countries including Russia, India, Germany, and Italy.
Further, research produced by the Sport and Spine Rehab Clinical Research Foundation, under the supervision of Dr. Bishop, has been published in multiple Peer Reviewed Journals including The Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Clinical Chiropractic, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, and Topics in Integrated Health Care.
Dr. Bishop is also a Certified Clinical Instructor from the American Physical Therapy Association and serves as a Clinical Instructor to students from the University of Maryland, Shenandoah University, and the University of South Carolina. Recently, Dr. Bishop was named the Clinical Instructor of the Year for Shenandoah University.


Contact Hours: 1.5

Price: $49


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